Course Number and Title: CET 245 Advanced Surveying Principles
This course covers the methods and computations of advanced surveying. Surveying techniques based on the Global Positioning System (GPS), including static and kinematic surveying are demonstrated. Additional topics include control surveys and geodetic reductions, state plane coordinates, surveys of public lands, photogrammetry, and an introduction to geographic information systems (GIS). This class uses lecture in combination with an opportunity where students may shadow various surveying companies and agencies.
- Discuss the governing principles of GPS. (CCC 1, 2, 6; PGC: SET 1, 3)
- Apply static GPS for surveys through field procedures, field book entries, and evaluations. (CCC 1, 2, 3, 4, 6; PGC: SET 1, 2, 4, 6)
- Assess kinematic GPS for surveys through field procedures, field book entries, and evaluations. (CCC 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6; PGC: SET 1, 2, 4, 6)
- Explain traverse adjustment by least squares through field procedures and/or in class projects. (CCC: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6; PGC: SET 1, 2, 4, 6)
- Apply control surveys and geodetic reductions. (CCC 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6; PGC: SET 1, 2, 4, 6)
- Apply the State Plane Coordinate System to survey data. (CCC 1, 2, 3, 4, 6; PGC: SET 1, 2, 4, 6)
- Develop a strategy to stay current with emerging trends in the field. (CCC 1, 2, 3, 4, 6; PGC: SET 1, 4, 5, 6)
- Demonstrate professional and ethical conduct as expected in industry. (CCC 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6; PGC: SET 1, 3, 4, 6)
See Core Curriculum Competencies and Program Graduate Competencies at the end of the syllabus. CCPOs are linked to every competency they develop.
Upon completion of this course, the student will:
- Discuss the governing principles of GPS.
- Determine how a GPS works.
- Categorize the different GPS signals.
- Differentiate the satellite reference systems.
- Explain GPS data quality issues such as multipath, dilution of precision, and signal to noise ratio.
- Correct the GPS data taking into account the normal corrections encountered.
- Apply static GPS for surveys through field procedures, field book entries, and evaluations.
- Setup a static GPS session.
- Field measure the position of a new point using static GPS.
- Correct the GPS data taking into account the normal corrections used in the surveying profession.
- Assess kinematic GPS for surveys through field procedures, field book entries, and evaluations.
- Identify various techniques of kinematic surveying.
- Exhibit the use of kinematic GPS surveying equipment.
- Explain the difference between GPS data post-processing and real-time processing.
- Perform a kinematic GPS survey using a standard current or historic vertical and horizontal datum/coordinate system.
- Perform a kinematic GPS survey using an assumed datum.
- Explain traverse adjustment by least squares through field procedures and/or in class projects.
- Perform a field survey that shows inaccuracies in closure.
- Identify field inaccuracies.
- Perform a mathematical least squares adjustment to promote closure.
- Check the least squares adjustment by the use of a computer adjustment.
- Apply control surveys and geodetic reductions.
- Determine the ellipsoid and geoid, and calculate the differential.
- Determine the geodetic position and ellipsoid radius of curvature.
- Apply geodetic references both vertically and horizontally.
- Employ accuracy standards for control surveys.
- Convert point coordinates between historic and current vertical datums.
- Apply the State Plane Coordinate System to survey data.
- Identify the State Plane Coordinate System and associated datums.
- Define projections used in the State Plane Coordinate System.
- Apply the Transverse Mercator Projection, Lambert Conformal Conic Projection, and state plane coordinates in historic and current horizontal datums.
- Convert point coordinates between historic and current horizontal datums.
- Develop a strategy to stay current with emerging trends in the field.
- Identify emerging trends in surveying technology.
- Discuss technology trends such as GPS, 3D laser scanning, and remote sensing and how they relate to geospatial/geomatic technology.
- Identify the potential of new, evolving technologies to meet surveying related needs.
- Identify resources such as articles, conferences, and networking opportunities to keep abreast of emerging trends.
- Demonstrate professional and ethical conduct as expected in industry.
- Identify the need for self-discipline and time management in technical industries.
- Communicate and function effectively as a member of a team.
Students must demonstrate proficiency on all CCPOs at a minimal 75 percent level to successfully complete the course. The grade will be determined using the Delaware Tech grading system:
Students should refer to the Student Handbook for information on the Academic Standing Policy, the Academic Integrity Policy, Student Rights and Responsibilities, and other policies relevant to their academic progress.
Calculated using the following weighted average
Percentage of final grade
Final Exam (Summative)
Field Book Entries (Summative)
Experience Journal (Summative)
Employee Surveys (Summative)
Formative Assessments (In-class assignments, homework, participation)
- Apply clear and effective communication skills.
- Use critical thinking to solve problems.
- Collaborate to achieve a common goal.
- Demonstrate professional and ethical conduct.
- Use information literacy for effective vocational and/or academic research.
- Apply quantitative reasoning and/or scientific inquiry to solve practical problems.
- Apply the knowledge, techniques, skills, and applicable tools of the discipline to engineering and surveying activities, including but not limited to site development, hydraulics and hydrology, grading, and structural systems.
- Conduct standardized field and laboratory testing on civil engineering project materials.
- Select appropriate materials and estimate material quantities for technical projects.
- Use graphic techniques and productivity software to produce engineering documents.
- Integrate appropriate surveying methods for land measurement and/or construction layout and the acquisition of spatial data in accordance with the laws and regulations pertaining to Professional Land Surveying.
- Demonstrate a commitment to quality, timeliness, professional development, and continuous improvement.
The College is committed to providing reasonable accommodations for students with disabilities. Students are encouraged to schedule an appointment with the campus Disabilities Support Counselor to request an accommodation needed due to a disability. A listing of campus Disabilities Support Counselors and contact information can be found at the disabilities services web page or visit the campus Advising Center.