HLH 123 Concepts of Patient Care

Campus Location:
Georgetown, Dover, Stanton
Effective Date:
SSC 100


Course Credits and Hours:
3.00 credits
2.00 lecture hours/week
3.00 lab hours/week
Course Description:

Students learn to safely perform basic nursing fundamental skills; demonstrating an understanding of theoretical knowledge related to skills and concepts. Concepts of communication, basic care and comfort, and documentation skills are incorporated to aid the student in meeting the psychological, physical, and environmental needs of the patient.

Required Text(s):

Obtain current textbook information by viewing the campus bookstore online or visit a campus bookstore. Check your course schedule for the course number and section.

Additional Materials:


Schedule Type:
Classroom Course
Video Conferencing
Web Conferencing
Hybrid Course
Online Course


Core Course Performance Objectives (CCPOs):
  1. Discuss the role and functions of a patient care provider in providing basic care. (CCC 1,4, 5;  PGC 2, 3,5)

  2. Demonstrate an understanding of the concepts of basic patient care, including comfort, safety, infection, mobility, and elimination. (CCC 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6; PGC 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

  3. Perform basic patient care and skills. (CCC 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, & 6)

See Core Curriculum Competencies and Program Graduate Competencies at the end of the syllabus. CCPOs are linked to every competency they develop.

Measurable Performance Objectives (MPOs):

Upon completion of this course, the student will:

  1. Discuss the role and functions of a patient care provider in providing basic care. 
    1. Describe the different types of health care organizations.
    2. Explain the structure of health care organizations.
    3. Define the role and function of the most common patient care provider, including certified nursing assistants, unlicensed assistive personnel, patient care technicians.
    4. Discuss patient’s rights, as set forth by the American Hospital Association (AHA).
    5. Discuss privacy and confidentiality in patient care, including  the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) regulations.
    6. Define the terms professional and professionalism.
    7. Discuss the characteristics that health care providers demonstrate to promote professionalism.
    8. Identify the two forms of communication, verbal and nonverbal.
    9. Identify therapeutic communication techniques.
    10. Discuss techniques to promote effective communication with patients and members of the healthcare team.
    11. Describe communication technologies that are being used in the healthcare field today.
    12. Address at least 4 key strategies in conflict resolution.
    13. Explain the role of the patient care provider in delivering culturally sensitive care to a diverse population.
    14. Summarize key strategies in providing culturally sensitive patient care to a diverse population.
    15. Explain basic legal and ethical considerations of basic patient care. 
    16. List common legal violations that are related to the provision of health care.
    17. Define the types of abuse and describe signs that indicate abuse.
    18. Discuss the health care providers obligations in the reporting of suspected abuse.

2.  Demonstrate an understanding of the concepts of basic patient care, including comfort, safety, infection, mobility, and elimination. 

  1. Discuss the concept based approach to patient care.
  2. Comprehend the basic components of patient care, including the activities of daily living.
  3. Review the concept of infection.   
  4. Identify the most common bloodborne and airborne pathogens.
  5. Describe the use of universal precautions and isolation procedures that include the precautions for blood, body fluids, and respiratory secretions.
  6. Describe sources and modes for transmission of infections and diseases, including infectious sources and transmission modes.
  7. Review the concept of mobility, including turning, lifting, transferring and positioning. 
  8. Identify the most common disorders of mobility, including age-related changes and injury. 
  9. Describe the mechanics for turning, lifting, transferring and positioning patients with the most common mobility disorders.
  10. Identify at least  4 safety measures when positioning, lifting, and transferring patients.
  11. Compare and contrast active versus passive range of motion exercises. 
  12. Describe the concept of nutrition. 
  13. Discuss the basic components of a healthy diet. 
  14. Identify at least 4 types of special diets. 
  15. Recognize the care provider’s role in providing nutritional support.
  16. Review guidelines for assisting patients with feeding. 
  17. Discuss the concept of elimination, including urinary and bowel. 
  18. Describe the care provider’s role and guidelines for assisting a patient with elimination. 
  19. Discuss the concept of comfort, including sleep and rest. 
  20. Review factors impacting comfort. 
  21. Illustrate behaviors and actions  that promote comfort for the patient. 
  22. Discuss the concept of safety, for  both the patient and care provider.
  23. Outline safety precautions in basic patient care. 
  24. Describe caring behaviors when providing basic patient care 
  25. Discern necessary behaviors when caring for individuals with unique needs, including dementia, Alzheimer’s disease and other common cognitive disorders.

3. Perform basic patient care and skills.

  1. Apply basic principles of infection control in patient care.
  2. Perform proper hand washing.
  3. Perform appropriate donning and doffing of protective personal equipment. 
  4. Perform necessary steps in assisting patients with meals, including those with deficits. 
  5. Accurately obtain and record intake and output data. 
  6. Demonstrate techniques for various types of patient transfers:
    1. Wheelchair to table/table to wheelchair.
    2. Stretcher to table/table to stretcher.
    3. Wheelchair to bed/bed to wheelchair.
    4. Stretcher to bed/bed to stretcher.
    5. Mechanical lift.
  7. Demonstrate proper techniques for assisting patients with ambulation. 
  8. Demonstrate appropriate principles of body mechanics when providing patient care.
  9. Perform active and passive range of motion techniques. 
  10. Identify normal values for clinical measurement of temperature, pulse respiration, oxygen saturation and blood pressure.
  11. Collect and  record  vital sign values, including temperature, pulse, respirations, blood pressure, oxygen saturation and pain level. 
  12. Demonstrate accurate pain assessment and documentation of pain level.
  13. Perform basic patient hygiene, including basic grooming principles.
  14. Demonstrate proper technique for providing oral care for a patient.
  15. Demonstrate proper technique for providing perineal care for males and for females.
  16. Demonstrate proper technique for bathing a patient (in bed or in a shower or bathtub).
  17. Demonstrate proper technique for assisting with hand and foot care.
  18. Demonstrate proper technique for helping a patient dress and undress.
  19. Demonstrate techniques of proper bed- making.
  20. Demonstrate how to appropriately measure height and weight. 
  21. Demonstrate proper technique for assisting with urinary and bowel elimination.
  22. Demonstrate how to provide routine catheter care  of indwelling or condom catheters.
  23. Perform skills providing a safe, clean, therapeutic, and professional environment.
  24. Demonstrate therapeutic communication while performing skills. 
  25. Demonstrate professional behaviors at all times.
Evaluation Criteria/Policies:

The grade will be determined using the Delaware Tech grading system:

90 100 = A
80 89 = B
70 79 = C
0 69 = F

Students should refer to the Student Handbook for information on the Academic Standing Policy, the Academic Integrity Policy, Student Rights and Responsibilities, and other policies relevant to their academic progress.

Final Course Grade:

Calculated using the following weighted average

Evaluation Measure

Percentage of final grade

Quizzes (3) at (equally weighted at 15%) (Summative)


Final Exam (Summative)


Cultural Discussion Board (Formative)


Laboratory Skills (Formative & Summative)




Core Curriculum Competencies (CCCs are the competencies every graduate will develop):
  1. Apply clear and effective communication skills.
  2. Use critical thinking to solve problems.
  3. Collaborate to achieve a common goal.
  4. Demonstrate professional and ethical conduct.
  5. Use information literacy for effective vocational and/or academic research.
  6. Apply quantitative reasoning and/or scientific inquiry to solve practical problems.
Program Graduate Competencies (PGCs are the competencies every graduate will develop specific to his or her major):
  1. Integrate sound nursing judgment, incorporating theoretical knowledge, clinical reasoning skills, and informatics to provide clinically competent nursing care for individuals, families, and communities.
  2. Integrate the diversity of the individual, family, and community to maintain caring relationships.
  3. Employ appropriate communication techniques while functioning as a member of the healthcare team.
  4. Manage care for a group of patients using organization, collaboration, and delegation.
  5. Integrate civic professionalism, ethical, and legal standards into nursing practice.
Disabilities Support Statement:

The College is committed to providing reasonable accommodations for students with disabilities. Students are encouraged to schedule an appointment with the campus Disabilities Support Counselor to request an accommodation needed due to a disability. A listing of campus Disabilities Support Counselors and contact information can be found at the disabilities services web page or visit the campus Advising Center.

Minimum Technology Requirements:
Minimum technology requirements for online, hybrid, video conferencing and web conferencing courses.