SGT 200 Surgical Technology I

Campus Location:
Effective Date:
BIO 100, BIO 121, BIO 125, ENG 102, MAT 152, SGT 100

SGT 203

Course Credits and Hours:
4.00 credits
4.00 lecture hours/week
0.00 lab hours/week
Course Description:

This course highlights the fundamental techniques necessary for assuming the responsibilities of a surgical technologist. Preoperative and intraoperative patient care concepts, with both non-sterile and sterile responsibilities, are emphasized. Students are introduced to skill development related to instrumentation, equipment, patient transportation, surgical positioning, and preoperative patient preparation.

Required Text(s):

Obtain current textbook information by viewing the campus bookstore online or visit a campus bookstore. Check your course schedule for the course number and section.

Additional Materials:


Schedule Type:
Classroom Course


Core Course Performance Objectives (CCPOs):
  1. Examine the classifications, parts, finishes, materials, names, and uses of surgical instruments. (CCC 2, 5; PGC 2, 5)
  2. Examine tasks related to preoperative case management. (CCC 1, 2, 3, 5; PGC 1, 2, 3, 5)
  3. Analyze techniques related to wound closure and healing. (CCC 1, 2, 5;  PGC 2, 4, 5)
  4. Describe procedures for managing surgically treatable diseases and disorders in the specialties of general and obstetric/gynecologic surgery.  (CCC 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6; PGC 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)
  5. Describe the duties of the surgical technologist in the assistant circulator or scrub role. (CCC 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6; PGC 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

See Core Curriculum Competencies and Program Graduate Competencies at the end of the syllabus. CCPOs are linked to every competency they develop.

Measurable Performance Objectives (MPOs):

Upon completion of this course, the student will:

  1. Examine the classifications, parts, finishes, materials, names, and uses of surgical instruments.
    1. Describe the name, classification, and use of surgical instruments.
    2. Explain the relationship between instrument type and usage.
    3. Identify the various parts of surgical instruments.
    4. Differentiate various materials of surgical instruments.
    5. Determine the need for different types of finishes of surgical instruments.
  2. Examine tasks associated with preoperative case management.
    1. Describe the proper sterile technique used to open sterile supplies.
    2. Explain how to properly don and doff sterile attire.
    3. Discuss the legal responsibilities of counts.
    4. Describe the procedure for counting instruments, sharps, sponges, and other supplies on the sterile field.
    5. Explain the procedure for handling a miscount.
    6. Describe the electronic methods of tracking counts.
    7. Describe the characteristics of draping material.
    8. Demonstrate draping for various surgical procedures applying sterile technique.
    9. Identify methods used to analyze, plan, and prepare for the needs of the surgical procedure.
    10. Describe how the case cart system is used.
    11. Explain how to organize the sterile field.
    12. Differentiate the different methods of transporting, transferring, and positioning the surgical patient.
    13. Compare and contrast various types of skin preparations and safety concerns.
    14. Describe the steps for skin preparations.
    15. Identify the basic components of accessory and specialty equipment and their applications.
    16. Describe the principles of electricity, electrical flow, and patient safety.
    17. Explain the procedure for patient identification by using a timeout procedure and reviewing the patient’s chart and consent.
  3. Analyze techniques related to wound closure and healing.
    1. Differentiate among various methods of hemostasis.
    2. Compare and contrast suture materials and suture sizing, and analyze their significance.
    3. Describe proper suture selection, preparation, handling, and cutting techniques.
    4. Diagram and describe needle points and needle bodies.
    5. Describe the procedure for proper placement, handling, loading, and disposal of surgical needles.
    6. Evaluate various applications of surgical stapling devices.
    7. Analyze advantages and disadvantages of various tissue repair and replacement materials.
  4. Describe procedures for managing surgically treatable diseases and disorders in the specialties of general and obstetric/gynecologic surgery.
    1. Correlate the relevant anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology to the surgical procedures.
    2. Describe the diagnostic interventions used to formulate a diagnosis.
    3. Discuss factors that are unique to the general surgical procedures for a colon resection, liver resection, gastrectomy mastectomy, thyroidectomy and Whipple Procedure, open and laproscopic herniorraphy, cholecystectomy, splenectomy, and appendectomy.
    4. Discuss factors that are unique to the OB/GYN surgical procedure for a cervical biopsy, Shirodker’s procedure, dilation and curettage (D&C), hysterectomy, cesarean section, uterine radiation seeding, ectopic pregnancy, salpingectomy, sterilization, tuboplasty, labioplasty, cystectomy, colporrhaphy, total pelvic exenteration, and Wertheim procedure.
    5. List the supplies, equipment, and instrumentation needed for a given procedure.
    6. Explain the correct order of steps for a given procedure.
    7. Discuss the perioperative care of the patient for a given procedure.
    8. Describe the creation and usage of various surgical incisions in the abdomen.
    9. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of incision types.
    10. Describe the principles of tissue exposure and the different techniques for tissue exposure.
    11. List the wound classification, and correlate to wound management.
    12. Create preference cards for cases according to the surgeon’s preference.
  5. Describe the duties of the surgical technologist in the assistant circulator or scrub role.
    1. Recall the correct order of steps taken during the surgical intervention.
    2. Identify the appropriate instrumentation used for each step of a procedure.
    3. Explain when intraoperative surgical counts would be conducted.
    4. Describe the procedure for obtaining, preparing, and storing a surgical specimen.
Evaluation Criteria/Policies:

The grade will be determined using the Delaware Tech grading system:

90 100 = A
80 89 = B
70 79 = C
0 69 = F

Students should refer to the Student Handbook for information on the Academic Standing Policy, the Academic Integrity Policy, Student Rights and Responsibilities, and other policies relevant to their academic progress.

Final Course Grade:

Calculated using the following weighted average

Evaluation Measure

Percentage of final grade

Exams (3 equally weighted) (Summative)


Assignments (Formative)


Final Exam (Summative)




Core Curriculum Competencies (CCCs are the competencies every graduate will develop):
  1. Apply clear and effective communication skills.
  2. Use critical thinking to solve problems.
  3. Collaborate to achieve a common goal.
  4. Demonstrate professional and ethical conduct.
  5. Use information literacy for effective vocational and/or academic research.
  6. Apply quantitative reasoning and/or scientific inquiry to solve practical problems.
Program Graduate Competencies (PGCs are the competencies every graduate will develop specific to his or her major):
  1. Differentiate the roles and responsibilities of all surgical team members.
  2. Demonstrate the ability to anticipate the needs of surgical patients by properly preparing the operating room suite, equipment, and instrumentation required for surgical interventions.
  3. Demonstrate a professional demeanor when communicating with patients and fellow team members.
  4. Synthesize a surgical conscience.
  5. Participate as an effective and clinically proficient member of the surgical team throughout the perioperative, intraoperative and immediate postoperative periods.
Disabilities Support Statement:

The College is committed to providing reasonable accommodations for students with disabilities. Students are encouraged to schedule an appointment with the campus Disabilities Support Counselor to request an accommodation needed due to a disability. A listing of campus Disabilities Support Counselors and contact information can be found at the disabilities services web page or visit the campus Advising Center.

Minimum Technology Requirements:
Minimum technology requirements for online, hybrid, video conferencing and web conferencing courses.